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unit2_working_the_land warming up and reading,language points课件

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Warming up

Farmers weeding at noon, Sweat down the field soon. Who knows food on a tray, Due to their toiling day.

Can you name these food?

sorghum

wheat

rice

corn

Staple food 主食
Potatoes

What is the main food in all East Asian and Southeast Asian countries?

Rice. It is said that there are 2.4 billion people eating rice every day throughout the world.

plow the field

grow some young plants

insert the young plants into the field

Fertilize(施肥)

harvest

rice

If there was no rice one day, what would happen?

?

Father of Hybrid Rice

Task 1 Scanning

Find out the main idea of each paragraph.

Match the following headings with the right paragraphs.
A PIONEER FOR ALL PEOPLE

Para.1 Para.2 Para.3 Para.4

Dr. Yuan’s dreams. Dr. Yuan’s personality. Dr. Yuan’s appearance and his achievements. Dr. Yuan’s brief life experience.

Task 2 Careful reading
Q1: What does Dr Yuan look like? He has a sunburnt face and arms and a slim, strong body. He is more like a farmer than a scientist.(Line 2) Q2: What is his achievement? He grows what is called super hybrid rice, which makes it possible to produce one-third more of the crop in the same fields. (Line 4,7 )
Para. 1 Dr Yuan’s appearance and his achievement

Para 2
Time
1930

His life experience
information

Born in Beijing
Graduated from Southwest Agricultural College

1953

Saw the great need for increasing As a young the rice output man Hunger was a disturbing problem In a recent Nearly 200 million tons of rice harvest produced now Circulating his knowledge

Para. 3 Dr Yuan’s personality Which of the following description about Dr Yuan’s personality is not true? A. He is satisfied with his life because he is now rich and famous. B. He cares little about money and fame(名望). C. He would rather work than lead a comfortable life. D. He enjoys a simpler life than most rich and famous people.

Para.4

His dreams

1) The first dream 2) The second dream

Produce a kind of rice that could feed more people(Line 34)

?The first dream

? As tall as sorghum ? As big as a corn ? As huge as a peanut

To export his rice so that it can be grown all over the globe(Line 35)

Discussion

If you had the chance to do something to help end hunger in the world, what would you do ?

The measures taken to deal with hunger

Invent a new kind of plant to produce more food. Find a sort of fertilizer(肥料)to give rice enough nutrition(营养).
Control(控制) the pollution and protect the soil in the field. … etc.

1. work

vt. 耕种(土地); 使工作; 开动; 创造(奇迹);
经营(工厂、农场等)

vi. 工作; (机器等)开动; (办法、计划等)行得通
work the land=grow crops on it 耕耘土地 He works a big farm. ( 经营) They are working the land together.

(耕地) I don’t think that your suggestion will work. (奏效)

2. …whom he has struggled for the past decades. struggle v. “斗争; 拼搏; 努力” He has struggled with sickness for a few months. 数月来他一直在与疾病作斗争。 They were poor and had to struggle for a living. 他们很穷, 必须为生活而努力。 He struggled with the thief. 他同小偷进行了搏斗。 He struggled to control his temper. 他努力控制住自己的脾气。

2. …whom he has struggled for the past decades. struggle v. “斗争; 拼搏; 努力” He has struggled with sickness for a few months. 数月来他一直在与疾病作斗争。 They were poor and had to struggle for a living. 他们很穷, 必须为生活而努力。 He struggled with the thief. 他同小偷进行了搏斗。 He struggled to control his temper. 他努力控制住自己的脾气。

1) struggle还可用作名词, 表示“奋斗; 努力”等。 In 1862 the American slaves won their struggle for freedom. 1862年美国黑奴赢得了为自由而进行的斗争的胜利 2)常见搭配: struggle for 为……而斗争 struggle against 向……做斗争; 同……搏斗 struggle on 拼命活下去; 继续努力 struggle to one’s feet 挣扎着站起来

2. This special strain of rice makes it possible to produce one-third more of the crop in the same fields. 这种特殊的稻种使得同样的田地多收获 三分之一的产量。 it 在句中作形式宾语, 真正的宾语为to produce…, 结构为: 动词(make, feel, think, regard…)+it +adj+ to do. e.g. We think it important to learn English well.

根据句意, 用适当的介词或副词填空。

(1)They had to struggle ____ their lives _______ for against
weather and wild animals in that area. (2) In order to protect the environment, we against should struggle _______ all kinds of pollution. on (3) He agreed to struggle ____, though he was hoping to retire. (4) After a few minutes, the young man struggled ___ his feet, glaring at the enemy. to

3. Thanks to his research, the UN has more tools in the battle to rid the

world of hunger. 1) thanks to: 幸亏/由于 Thanks to your help, I passed the exam.
because of, thanks to, as a result of 表示“由于”时的用法区别:

▲because of 意为“因为, 由于”, 普通用语, 比其他短语更口语化; 构成的短语在句子中 通常作状语, 后面可接名词、代词、分词或 what引导的名词性从句等。如: Johnson is likely to miss the match because of his back injury.
Because of his wife’s being there, I said nothing about it.

▲thanks to “由于或因为某人(某事)”, 通常用于好的方面, 译为“多亏”, 但 有时作反语; 引导的介词短语可置于 句首或句末。如: The play succeeded thanks to fine acting by all the actors and actresses. Thanks to your help, we were successful. Thanks to the bad weather, the match had been cancelled.

▲as a result “因此,结果”,常用在有上下

文(表原因)的情况下。 as a result of …
“由于……的结果”, 可置于句首或句末。

e.g. He had some bad fish. As a result,
he didn’t feel well this morning.

As a result of the flood, thousands of
people lost their homes.

4. He would much rather keep time for his hobbies. would rather: 宁可; 宁愿 would rather do sth. They would rather go fishing than stay at home. 他们宁愿去钓鱼, 也不愿待在家里。 I would rather fail than cheat in the examination. 我宁愿考不及格, 也不愿意考试作弊。

[用法1]: would rather…than… 宁愿… 而不…, 与其…不如…

I would rather watch TV at home than
go to the cinema.

[用法2]: would rather have done sth.
表示主语要做某事, 而结果却事与愿违。

I’d rather have left a note on her desk.
我本想留张字条在她的书桌上。 (事实上没有)

[用法3]: would … rather than…
=would rather…than… Facing the enemies, our soldiers would die rather than surrender. 面对敌人, 我们的战士宁死不屈。 Rather than refuse to help you, I would borrow money from my friends.

我宁可向朋友借钱, 也不愿拒绝帮助你。

[用法4]: would rather后面也可跟从句
表示主语宁愿某人做某事。这时, 从句 谓语应用虚拟语气, 即用一般过去时表示 现在或将来要做的事; 用过去完成时 表示已经做过的事或过去要做的事。 I’d rather you hadn’t told him the news that day.

[高考链接]
---Shall we go skating or stay at home?

---Which ____ do yourself ? (05 全国)
A. do you rather B. would you rather C. will you rather D. should you rather 答案B would rather do sth. 更喜欢做…

Homework
1. Review what you have learned in the class and improve reading skills. 2. Reread the passage and think about what can we learn from Yuan Longping.

Thank you!




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